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8 Dimensions of Wellness

According to the Cambridge Dictionary, wellness is the state of being happy, especially when actively pursued. Research emphasizes that wellness extends beyond physical exercise or nutrition; it is multi-dimensional, focusing on overall well-being.


The "8 Dimensions of Wellness" model, developed by Peggy Swarbrick, aims for a holistic and balanced life. These dimensions include Physical, Emotional, Spiritual, Financial, Environmental, Vocational, Social, and Intellectual aspects. They seek to enhance life quality, not only by preventing disease but also by improving daily experiences, fostering positive relationships, and promoting a sense of purpose.

Understanding how we prioritize these experiences in our lives and purposefully working towards bettering ourselves every day can lead to a more balanced, fulfilled life, achieving everything that is important to us. Could self-care be any more holistic?


Now, let’s explore these 8 dimensions of wellness one by one.


Physical wellness

Physical wellness involves maintaining and caring for our bodies to ensure overall health. Achieving physical wellness is possible through regular exercise, a nutritious diet, and sufficient rest.

Here are some practical and achievable ways to prioritise physical wellness:

  • Establish a goal to stand up, stretch, or take a short walk every hour, particularly if you have a desk job.

  • Aim to consume a specific amount of water daily, such as eight glasses, to stay hydrated.

  • Set a daily step goal, gradually increasing it over time to promote regular physical activity.

  • Create a goal to reduce screen time, especially before bedtime, to support better sleep quality.

Emotional Wellness

Emotional wellness involves understanding and managing one's emotions in a healthy manner. It is crucial to practice self-care and self-love to maintain emotional well-being.

Here are some small and manageable ways to prioritize emotional wellness:

  • Journaling, whether using a Guided Wellness Journal, a Plain Journal, or a digital notes app, helps in understanding and expressing emotions.

  • Incorporate humor into daily life by watching funny videos, reading jokes, or spending time with people who bring laughter.

  • Engage in a creative activity you enjoy, such as drawing, writing, or playing a musical instrument.

Spiritual Wellness

Spiritual wellness, also known as finding oneself, encompasses discovering meaning, purpose, and connection in life. It involves mindfulness, gratitude, compassion, forgiveness, and self-awareness.

Here are some practical ways to prioritize spiritual wellness:

  • Take a few minutes each day to contemplate your intentions and understand their significance.

  • Spend regular time in nature, whether with a short walk in a park or sitting in your backyard, for a spiritual reset.

  • Take breaks from technology and social media to be more aware of the present moment.

Financial Wellness

Financial wellness emphasises responsible money management to reduce stress and anxiety related to finances. 

  • Creating a basic budget, establishing an emergency fund, and implementing a 24-hour rule for non-essential purchases contribute to financial well-being.


Environmental wellness

Environmental wellness involves caring for the planet and creating a conducive immediate environment for personal growth and well-being. 


Occupational wellness 

Occupational wellness focuses on finding fulfillment and satisfaction in one's work. 

  • Setting clear boundaries between work and personal time, 

  • Prioritizing tasks based on importance, and

  • Being realistic about daily accomplishments contribute to occupational well-being.


Social Wellness

Social wellness revolves around building strong relationships with friends and family, providing a support system to navigate life's challenges. 

  • Scheduling regular check-ins, 

  • being an active listener, and 

  • exploring local clubs or groups align with social well-being.


Intellectual Wellness

  • Growing intellectually, maintaining curiosity about all there is to learn, valuing lifelong learning, and responding positively to intellectual challenges

  • Expanding knowledge and skills while discovering the potential for sharing your gifts with others

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